Ehrenreich appeals to Logos by providing the hourly rate for all the jobs she applied for and the jobs she performed.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos on page 16, where she leaves a note talking about Fair Labor Standards Act and the wages it secures for certain jobs. She further appeals to logos through talking about the wages she is earning and many of the everyday costs she has to purchase for her experiment such as rent and gas.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos through talking about certain issues that cause many people to struggle financially. She talks about the costs that they face due to everyday life and how it has caused some to say commit suicide such as on pages 230-231 based on what the National Prevention Suicide Hotline has stated
Using logos, Ehrenreich is able to relate her experience to a more national base using statistics to support her story. Anexample would be page 55 when she’s describing to expensive housing in Cape Cod and using a citation to show how
In the bottom of multiple pages within the book Ehrenreich gives statistics about minimum wage and the life it can support. She also provides numbers such as her wage per hour and how much money she can spend on things she needs.
If you were to reach more into depth about things strongly occurring in society today, and relating it to the authors experiment and purpose, you would notice strong similarity such as, points about sexist acts in the minimum wage working world. Ehrenreich mentions a few times in to book so far how working in such fields can be different and difficult for women. that may seem more so on the pathos side, but she uses logos in a sense when she is explaining how net income in certain fields of minimum wage work, is much smaller for women than men.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by going more depth about things she says at the bottom of pages. She has covered many controversial topics about women already and she has explained the differences of net income between men and women.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by including statistics and facts,as the notes, at the bottom of some pages in order to build on her argument. This statistics often related to minimum wage workers and other aspects of daily life such as housing, transport and food(in relation to how a minimum wage worker experiences those entities). She also included the house prices and the hourly wages of the jobs she was applying to as an appeal to logos.
^^^ A specific statistics that she used was on page 61 which talked about how the "Bureau of Labor Statistics found full-time "private household workers and servants" earning a median income of $223 a week in 1998, which is $23 a week below the poverty level of a family of 3." This statistic helps illustrate the struggle that those living on the poverty line have to endure in order to make ends meet.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos throughout the book by establishing facts about minimum wage workers and statistics about their wages. This appears toward the bottom of the novel. For example on page 26 she is able to state facts from the National Coalition for the Homeless.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos many times throughout the book by presenting facts and statistics mainly related to low-wage Americans and the minimum wage. The author inserted her appeals to logos not just within the text, but also within the notes at the bottom of certain pages. For example, note 1 on page 55 talks about how the working class are increasingly moving into motels because of the rising costs of apartments and houses.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos in page 37, note 5, where she states that bathroom breaks were not a federal mandated right up until 1998, something that most people outside of tedious labor demanding jobs either did not know about or took for granted. She also appeals to logos on page 45, note 7, as well as in other notes regarding federal regulations throughout the book.
Ehrenreich depends largely on her appeal to logos in the book. An example of this would be on the very first page where she brings up a real life situation concerning the labor market and by asking multiple rhetorical questions. These facts help build up her overall argument.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by using statistics and facts relating to the minimum wage of people who live in the United States. Ehrenreich stated that "according to the National Coalition for the Homeless, in 1998...it took, on average nationwide, an hourly wage of $8.89 to afford a one-bedroom apartment", this is just one of the many statistics that the author used to appeal to the logic of her argument.
Appealing to logos, Ehrenreich states facts about minimum wage. She also gives each of her jobs hourly wage and what she can buy with the money she acquires.
The author appeals to logos by providing the reader with statistics about average wages earned at jobs like fast food restaurants as well as income needed to survive with the basic needs like food, shelter, transportation.
On page 12 lines 3-7 Ehnrenreich uses the logos to explain how she plans to afford a place to live and other expenses. This appeals to logos because she explains how using the money she makes from her job can be a way to afford a 500-600 dollar rent.
Part 2: Ehrenreich appeals to logos specifically on page 163 when she includes the facts that her shift time changed from 10-6 to 2-11. This adds to the authenticity of her experiment because she experiences real challenges that those in the working, lower class experience. This rhetorical appeal is also exhibited on page 169 when she shared the price of the new place she was moving to at Hopkins Park Plaza. She stated that it was $179 per week which helps readers understand that this experiment is real and she is working hard in order to earn and pay the money.
Ehrenreich gave statistical facts to act as evidence to support her argument. For instance, she mentions how "in 1991 there were forty-seven affordable rental units available to every one hundred low-income families, while by 1997 there were only thirty-six such units for every one hundred families." This fact, which Ehrenreich sites, helps her build her argument about the difficulties that low-income families struggle with.
Ehrenreich employs logical appeals by providing statistics on wages across America. She also provides her hours and her hourly wage and prices for rent and healthcare, etc.
One of the many examples of logos in this book is on page 131. Here, Ehrenreich illustrates Caroline and her family's economic position. Describing costs, her pay checks, and daily struggles that the family constantly experiences .
The author appeals to logos stating that she makes only $2.43 and hour without tips and that the Fair Labor Standard Act states that employers are not required to pay employees that are tipped more than 2.13 in extra wages.
Ehrenreich appeals to ethos by showing the specifics of what she makes ($2.43) and by talking about the income needed to sustain a place to live while buying things like food and clothing.
I meant to say logos***
Ehrenreich appeals to logos using statistics on page 184 to talk about the unpaid overtime issue at Walmart.
Throughout the book, Ehrenriech give statistics like how much she is being paid. On pages 2-3 she states "With prevailing wages running at $6-$7 an hour in my town and rents $400 a month or more, the numbers might, it seemed to me, just barely work out all right." She uses these statistics to explain her choices and her struggles.
Ehrenreich makes sure to give statistics as she writes, for example when she wrote about how much she made an hour without tips, that being 2.43$
Logos is largely appealed to by Ehrenreich throughout the book to provide stastical information she gathered prior to, during, and after her experiment. The appeal makes what she is saying more believeable because it includes concrete facts and not pure opinion.
Example: "wages running at $6-$7 an hour in my town and rents $400 a month or more"
Ehrenreich appeals to logos using statistics and facts that she researched. When she talks about wages she uses the statistics on how much a minimum wage worker earns.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by including little notes at the bottom of some pages that talk about many facts and statistics dealing with wages and employment. They are at the bottom of pages 37, 44, 45, 55, etc.. For example, the note at the bottom of page 45 states that "In 1996 the number of persons holding two or more jobs averaged 7.8 million, or 6.2 percent of the workforce". This is a fact with statistics on the number of people who work multiple jobs at once, and these notes are all related to wages and employment. Another way she appeals to logos is by talking about the rent and discussing ways to divide up her money to pay for certain things. For example, she says "For $120 a week I can have a bed/living area..." and this basically shows her determining what she can have if she paid that specific price for the rent. She also discusses how she split her money up to have items such as a bed, a TV, a phone, and a view for $59 a night. Ehrenreich frequently appeals to logos by including facts and statistics relating to employment and wage and by including actual numbers/prices of the rent and explaining the way she divided up her money to buy and have access to certain things.
Ehrenreich also appeals to logos on page 170 by calculating the amount of money that she would make if she worked two jobs. She states that working two jobs made the apartment rent seem more affordable because she would make $320 dollars a week, and approximately 55% of her income would go towards the $179 rent.
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by specifically stating facts and statistics throughout the book, as well as adding little anecdotes at the bottoms of pages. She uses credible sources to provide specific numbers, percentages, etc. in order to get her point across (i.e., "in 1996 the number of persons holding two or more jobs averaged 7.8 million, or 6.2 percent of the workforce" is a statistic located at the bottom of page 45).
Ehrenreich appeals to the readers logical thinking by stating statistics and plausible facts throughout the books. Such as including her expenses like rent, and how much minimum wage workers get paid, and also including her own personal statistic of how much money per hour she maid working a full shift without tips ( $2.43).
Ehrenreich appeals to logos by using footnotes containing statistics and more information on some of the statements she makes. An example is on page 58 that says, "Margaret Talbot reports in the New York Times Magazine that "personality testing in the workplace is at an all-time high" and now supports a $400 million a year industry." She also appeals to logos by talking about her rent and personal financing.
Ehrenreich further appeals to logos by talking about how much money she earns from working at Walmart and determining how much extra money she could have from working a second job. She continues to use footnotes from credible sources to further establish her credibility.
Ehrenreich appeals to logic by including statistics in her book. An example would be in page in 140 where she comments on the lack of affordable apartments and cites the Housing and Urban Development Department. She appeals to logic in page 128 when she talks about drug testing of minimum wage workers and she uses a 1999 report from the American Civil Liberties called "Drug Testing: A Bad Investment".
Mrs. Theaker's students will be discussing Barbara Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed here.