Perfect example of a tonal shift on page 18, Ehrenreich goes from a somber and self pitying tone to one of care and nurture towards her customers.
A tonal shift in the book is page 45-48. On page 45, Ehrenreich uses an optimistic tone to her attempt at taking 2 jobs at once. A couple pages later on page 47, she takes on an anxious/disoriented tone with the huge amount of work being thrown at her, and eventually just falls apart. On page 48, she uses an abashed tone to show her feeling of failure in the experiment she's taking on and how difficult it really is.
Ehrenreich shifts her tone a lot in when she relates to her current situation as almost self pity to arrogance when she explains how what happens within this won't effect her after because she has money to fall back on. She also goes from very serious about her work and balancing money to concerned when her fellow employees get hurt or are treated badly.
Barbara Ehrenreich explains her situation as being in a state of bewilderment as if her current state is not well suited enough for her. She does this a lot throughout her narrative. She then keeps the mind set of if things get worse, I always have enough money to fall back on, and won't actually be in debt during this experience. She is very concerned also about other employees that she has come into contact with and their reality with experiencing and trying to support themselves if not others with a very little income, and the struggles that they face.
Ehrenreich has a very forthright/ eager tone in the beginning when she explained to readers the boundaries she would have when it came to this experiment. This tone changed to pragmatic/frustration/pity when she started working hands on as a minimum wage worker and experiencing the struggles they endure on a daily basis.
Ehrenreich started off the book with a didactic, almost bragging tone, which quickly changes to frustration and anxiety by around page 28 and forward, when she starts to struggle with money and seems to realize that if this were her actual life, she woudn't be doing so great.
Ehrenreich shows a tonal shift between chapter one and chapter two. Since she is a different job and state, she has a a lighter tone while she’s transitioning from a waitress in Florida to a maid in Maine
There are many times where Ehrenreich sounds arrogant and then switches to somber. These shifts depend on the day she was having. For example she could be having a great day at work due to a abundance of tips and show arrogance because she thinks she is great at her job but the next day show self-pity because she did not get many tips.
At the start of the book, Ehrenreich displays an apprehensive tone. She talks about how she did not want to do the experiment in the first place and that someone less-experienced than her is more suitable for the job. Later, despite her initial feelings she takes the experiment seriously .
Ehrenreich shifts between tones from the different jobs that she possess. In chapter one she was eager to take two jobs but it eventually does not work and her tone shifts to frustration. There was also a tonal shift between chapter one and two from being hopeful and just beginning because she previously already had a job as a waitress to being arrogant and self pitying herself while working on her hands and knees as a house cleaner.
Ehrenreich's tone shifts many times throughout the book. In the beginning of the book, especially, a forthright or straightforward tone was established to explain what Ehrenreich would and would not do during the course of her experiment. She also used this tone to complain or to tell someone off, like she did with Ted, the head of the Maids. There was an earnest tone when she would talk about the relationships she had with other co-workers, like her restaurant co-worker, George. She used a bit of a critical and judgmental tone when
..she did not agree (or simply just didn't understand) with the choices of her co-workers. Her obvious disappointment in Holly for choosing to work even when she was injured is a prime example of this. Many of the comments she made had a sarcastic and sometimes even had a ribald (offensive) tone, for she evidently had no filter. A didactic tone was tied to all of the facts, statistics, and studies often seen in the notes. The end of the book mainly had a reflective tone because she was analyzing all that had happened to her as a low-wage worker. The tone changed to cynical and indignant towards the very end of the book because this was when Ehrenreich expressed all that was wrong with our society, government, and economy, which all contribute to the injustices that low-wage Americans face (and will continue to face).
In the beginning of the book its obvious she used almost a bragging tone over/ over confident but it changes to a more of an anxiety tone because as she started to work she realized that the money she could receive from these nobs was so little that she was barely able to pay her needs like food, rent, transportation.
Ehrenreich is not prepared for what is to come as in the beginning of the book she has a cocky tone and thinks she is better or above the minimum wage workers. Later in the book she has a more dejected tone because she has now faced the struggles of being a minimum wage worker. A tonal shift occurs on pages 133-134 when she describes the tough life her co-worker, Caroline, has faced. Then she describes how they became friends and the tone becomes joyful.
Ehrenreich has a very critical tone towards management, which was shown in the excerpt. She also showed tones of frustration and pity for herself and her co-workers.
Ehrenreich begins the book with an apprehensive, yet almost arrogant and preposterous tone. However, as she moves forward in the book and in her story she realizes the strain on herself and on all people who endure a life lived by minimum wage. She becomes gradually more emotional and upset with how she and others are forced to live. Her tone shifts between detached and informational to charged and emotional many times throughout the book.
Ehrenreich starts off with a boastful tone at the beginning of the book as if she can easily pull off the experiment with little too no difficulties but gradually she becomes more anxious and worrisome throughout the book as she has to worry about food, transportation, housing, etc. costs all while living on minimum wage.
In the start of the book, the introductory, Ehrenreich starts off with an excited tone. Excited because at the beginning of this experiment she was entering into an unknown world for her, a world she had the privilege to not go through. After the introductory, going into chapter one, the tone shifts once she starts to actually experience the hardships of poverty. For example, "I hate the drive, along a roadside studded with..." This was on the second page of the chapter one, in the beginning of her experience, and she is already having problems.
Ehrenreich has a very cocky and boastful attitude at the beginning of the book since she claims that it won't be that big of a deal living on minimum wage, but noticeably becomes more apprehensive towards her experiment and realizes what people working minimum wage jobs have to go through on a daily basis.
In the beginning of the book Ehrenreich has a very boastful and cocky tone...almost arrogant. However as the book continues she shows more earnest, caring, and remorseful tone for the workers as she deals with what they go though.
At the start of the book Ehrenreich is very arrogant as to how things work in the world of the minimum wage workers, believing that it is easy, and that they make little money for a reason. As the book went on she gradually grew more and more empathetic towards those that she worked with.
Ehrenreich was very relaxed at the beginning of the book but became more serious and involved with the experiment as time went on.
There was a tonal shift between chapters one and two that matched up with the change in setting
Ehrenreich shifts her tone, when she goes from telling her thoughts on things to serious matters. As the book goes on she gets more serious and focused on the task she was assigned.
Towards the beginning, Ehrenreich seemed to be acting very playful and not serious whilst speaking about the life of minimum wage workers, and slightly, as the book progresses, she continues to show this a generous and humorous tone, " Easygoing, fiftyish Lucy, with the raucous laugh." but, progressing through the book, her tone shifts to a more formal and serious tone.
Ehrenreich starts off in a very arrogant, confident tone as she describes the different advantages that she had (like having a car, being a native English speaker, and her ethnicity). Before she starts her job, she acts as though working minimum wage won't be as because of these advantages. As she gets her jobs and begins working, her tone shifts from confident to annoyed, frustrated, and serious. She is shocked by the poor working conditions and the way the workers are treated with disrespect and writes in a frustrated, annoyed tone. She also writes in a very sympathetic tone when she finds out about the hardships that her coworkers' experience in their everyday lives and becomes more empathetic as she goes through similar experiences while working her minimum wage jobs.
Towards the beginning of the book, Ehrenreich's tone is pretty arrogant and confident. She expects this job to be easy, and she assumes that the job will be easy. But towards the end of the book, the one shifts to one of frustration and sympathy as she begins to understand the hardships that come with working a minimum wage job, and how much her coworkers are struggling to make ends meet.
The author definitely goes through a huge tonal shift, as she goes from being confident, easygoing, and expecting because of advantages going into the experiment. Although as the experiment continues she becomes very serious, somewhat discouraged, and irritated. She starts to see how much minimum wage workers go through from disrespectful customers, and bosses to tough hours, and bad working conditions; and this shows in her writing. In addition, Ehrenreich expresses a sympathetic tone towards these workers.
Ehrenreich starts the book with a very arrogant and dismissive tone because she thinks she will easily get and job and overall is very ignorant towards the minimum wage struggles. As the book goes on she shifts from an arrogant and confident tone to a frustrated and angry tone when she learns about the conditions of the workplace and the low standard of living. On pages 18-20 she starts off talking about how she feels badly about her quality of work and shifts on pages 19 and 20 to the regular customers who she feels badly for like Sam the cop or the impoverished mechanic whom Gail buys biscuits for.
Ehrenreich tone changes through the book. At first Ehrenreich uses humor and a more causal but as the book goes on she becomes more serious as she realizes the plight of the minimum wage worker. Ehrenreich starts the book upbeat and enthusiastic but later becomes more frustrated and angry. This tonal shift is especially clear in the part called "Scrubbing in Maine" as she works as maid. She goes from positive to openly mocking the owners of the house she cleans.
The author's tone is excited and optimistic at first but as her experiment goes on and the situation becomes harder and harder the tone becomes more serious and more dark, but also sympathetic to her other coworkers.
Mrs. Theaker's students will be discussing Barbara Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed here.