In Chapter One the author's voice continues to stay very informative due to the amount of statistics he used. However, it is now that we start to see somewhat of a biased viewpoint going on. Author David Shipler uses a family that is in poverty, yet indulges in luxuries and another family that lost their mother and is being looked after by a grandmother with no job to depict such a stark difference between the two. The author seems to somewhat admire the family being looked after by the grandmother because they know how to spend their finances and get their needs as well as wants on a budget as opposed to a family that focuses more on their wants than their needs.
During the preface, the book is heavily dependent upon Shipler's own narration and perspective; this isn't a bad thing, mind you. In fact, it's good to see his own experiences, as it helps you to understand how the book will be set up. However, as the book goes further on, it becomes more dependent upon the biographies of those interviewed, so David's own voice is lessened. However, he's still able to use what's left of his voice to be the best of his ability and give great depth and humanity to his interviewees, most notably Caroline Payne and Debra Hall in Chapter 2, and Ann Brash in Chapter 1.
The author's voice is very descriptive and but has characteristics of a narrator rather than the author of a book.
The author's voice in chapter one is primarily factual and informative. However, we begin to see some biases and prejudices against law firms and major companies exploiting the poor/working poor. Although I do not question his credibility, he is not voicing the opinions and facts objectively or at least mentioning any positive things about the major companies. This is likely because he wants to create a strong point and fully convince reader's of his stance.
As many have already said, within chapter one the author's voice is very informative. While reading, I have picked up on the author's bias but otherwise his writing style is not very stylized. Thorought the book everything is 'as is' and very factual. Sometimes he author uses his voice to attempt to lighten the tone between anecdotes. Other times when reading I sense a bit of sarcasm when the other is sharing his opinion on different subject matter.
Shipler's style is very mild. Every once in a while he'll comment on one of the stories of pieces of information but its not overwhelming at all. I'd say his most identifying feature is story/fact telling mixture. Every chapter he starts off with either a fact that leads into a story or a story that leads into a fact and the entire chapter ends up being a long chain or story-fact-story-fact.This style is a good way of keeping readers interested while still developing his argument.
Shipler's voice is formal. He becomes a narrator when he tells the stories, but he goes right back to telling the facts. The author's voice allows him to switch back and forth between stories and facts.
David Shipler's voice is beginning to be informal in chapter one with still some formal. As the he starts to go into the stories, Shipler is becoming a narrator but as soon as he states the facts that come after the story, or before depending on how the chapter had started, he then becomes and author again. This allows David to allow those people of the stories say what they want to say and give him a chance to show his perspective of the story and say the facts that he believes are appropriate for the story, which may be a little bias.
While being very factual, Shipler seems to be biased towards many companies that minimum wage workers work at, but still mentions information that supports these companies. His own personal opinions do favor the working poor when speaking about their financial status, but he backs his opinions up with evidence, arguments against his opinions, and rebuttals.
Shipler's voice throughout the book is straight forward and informative for the majority of the time. Bias in his voice is occasionally evident, particularly when discussing people/businesses he clearly has an issue with, but this serves the purpose of enforcing his claim and adding to his argument.
The author’s voice is very formal and factual throughout the book, especially at the very beginning. As he continues to develop his argument and starts throwing in stories and facts, we can start to notice some bias because even though the author’s opinions aren’t displayed when he throws in a fact or a story, he picked that specific fact/story for a reason. Shipler uses facts and his interviews to speak for themselves and guide the readers’ feelings and opinions to match his since the information in the text mirrors what Shipler believes and what he wants readers to believe or think about.
The author sets a very informative and serious tone throughout his book but seems more like he is being a narrator instead of actually sitting down with these people and talking with them.
The author uses a more narratorish form of speaking throughout the book because he didn’t experience these things first hand and is trying to be more informational than telling a story.
Shipler's voice is heard throughout the book as a guide, telling the reader what happened and how he feels knowing about the situation. Although majority of the time, Shipler has a very consistent tone of being formal, there is still bias in his voice. He tells certain stories for a reason, more of the stories of people being exploited by companies rather than the good companies do.
In chapter one, the author continues to use an informative but serious tone when discussing the various instances of poverty through certain examples at the family level. Shipler continues to explain the stories from the outside looking in, and therefore has compassion in his voice. Although he tends to stay neutral in his explanation of these situations, he does express some bias towards the current economic system in America explaining how the system is unfair to those who are poor and less-fortunate.
In the beginning Shipler’s voice is informative as he explains to us his research, how it is to be in poverty today in the U.S. and telling us what he is going to write about and how. Later on he becomes descriptive in how he speaks of the people he has interviewed and their hardships. He leaves most of his own opinion out of the book, but speaks in a way to show his point of view on the peoples’ lives.
This authors own voice was a major part of this text, the book was majorly composed of the authors narrations and experiences with or without others. He uses his own voice not only to narrate but to explain and give his own opinion on different things.
Mrs. Theaker's students will be conducting discussions about The Working Poor by David K. Shipler here.