The author provides a bit of emotional appeal with each persons story he shares. He does this to make the book relatable to each reader depending on their class and personal conflicts. In the case of Jeff Martinelli, the first thing said about him is that he has "Married three women and buried one of them, a cancer victim." Many of the people who will read this know someone who has died of cancer or dealt with it, so they can relate to how Jeff feels.
The author appeals to pathos by providing personal stories of individuals within our society. This allows the reader to connect with the people that are mention, and the reader goes on the emotional roller coaster with the protagonist of these anecdotes.
Pathos appealed to many times in this book. Throughout the book, the author appeals to pathos with powerful stories of people. Many of them include emotional parts that can help the reader connect.
The appeal to pathos is also a heavily present factor in this book. Because of the nature of the subject (inequality in America), the authors use negative emotions: Sadness, anger, longing, fear, among others; intense feelings that make the message reach AND stay into the readers mind, and inspires them to take action against the problem presented. Besides this, the book adopts a neutral, scientific tone that worries more about the facts than the feels.
In chapter 4, Keller appeals to ethos by telling Justices’ story about her childhood and trying to avoid having her niece and nephew go through the same thing. Children give an appeal to ethos because class is not something they can control, so it can make the audience feel sympathy for all of thee things poor kids have to go through, even later in life.
Pathos is used when the author tells true stories of people who have experienced issues in their lives due to class, without missing any detail. These stories are very emotional, and the audience can become sympathetic for these people because of these stories, such as the chapter about Andy Belvins, a college dropout who now works a tough job in a market warehouse..
Keller puts the reader in the interviewees’ shoes by thoroughly explaining their personal experiences to give the reader the person’s perspective. There would be sadness for the working class and a sense of triumph from failure due to money and their class for the higher class.
Hearing the testimonies about the middle to lower class people struggling to find affordable housing appeals to emotions because people feel sympathy or empathy for people who struggle while earning a honest living. It can bring feelings of sorrow or thankfulness for the life you live.
Students in Mrs. Theaker's class reading The New York Times' contributors Class Matters will discuss here.