In all honesty, the book maintains a very consistent tone, one that, while candid in its detailing of American poverty, isn't caustic or vindictive towards the poor. Rather, David approaches this topic with the compassionate objectivity one would expect from a Pulitzer-Prize winner. It's also important to note the rather somberness that Shipler injects into the interviewed; granted, it stems from their actual experiences rather than falsification. An example is in the section "The Daunting Workplace", where it mention stereotypes of black men in the workplace, more specifically, that if you're "black, a man, large and strong, or you have a prison record, you're likely to be percieved as a person with a temper". It then goes on to mention Kevin Fields, who fit those bills, and had to live on the lowly pay of mowing lawns.
I found that the auther keeps a steady, formal and factual tone throughout the book without seeming aggressive but firmly arguing his point.
The author of the working poor keeps a very formal tone throughout his book and firmly but not forcefully argues and states his point.
It is of my opinion that the authors tone is both consistent and fluctuating, in that he is consistant in the manner in which he depicts the anecdotes he relies on to prove his claim, but fluctuates in the sense that his tone shifts when discussing the sources of poverty (especially when discussing specific businesses, agencies, etc). When he is discussing these sources, he seems to have a somewhat formal tone, yet a subtle anger or frustration seems to also be present. When illustrating the lives and stories of those affected by poverty, his formality is still the dominant tone; the underlying tone however, switches to one of understanding and empathy.
Throughout the course of reading this entire book I can honestly say that the author's tone had been quite consistent, with certain areas portraying some subtle frustration. When talking about the work conditions of certain immigrants, the author's language becomes a bit more strict and structured in comparison to his simply informative tone throughout most of the book.
Shipler style is a pattern of fact-story-fact-story which creates many , though subtle, tonal shifts throughout the book. whenever he tells a person's story he's very straightforward and truthful, which shows respect toward those he writes about and gives the reader a genuine idea of what the working poor is like. Then, when Shipler shifts into his fact reporting mode, he becomes slightly more emotional. He comments more often and although he continues to report the facts, it becomes slightly more obvious if he approves of the facts. Generally speaking, when he does approve there isn't much of a tonal change, but when he doesn't, that irritation and disapproval comes through in his writing ever so slightly.
Although Shipler maintains a formal tone of facts/ statistics followed by anecdotes he has minor tonal shifts in regards to how he describes the lives of the people he interviews. In other words, he centers around an informative tone but has minor tone changes in regards of the people of the poor.empathy, for the lives of migrant farm workers or anger when describing companies like Walmart that neglect the lowest workers. Occasionally, he expresses even surprise or humor.( EX. when he described the farmer who felt that the migrant's home was, in a sense, too luxurious).
The author maintains a formal, fact-based tone throughout the book. He goes from telling the stories to supporting his argument with facts, and repeats this process.
Shipler's maintains a consistent formal tone due to his many appeals to logos throughout the book. The tonal shifts throughout his story are not very noticeable and take one who is really paying attention to the book to notice. The tonal shifts often follow anecdotes where the author subtly hints his frustration with whatever subject at hand is being discussed. His frustration allows the reader the understand a bit of his voice throughout the book. Other times, the tone also shifts from one of factual to sympathy when discussing the stories of many across America. EX: "Christie seemed doomed to a career of low pay without the chance of significant promotion, no matter how important her jobs might be to the country's well-being".
Shipler uses a formal tone which is consistent throughout the book. There a few tonal shifts from his formal tone to an indignant tone when he became angry over the injustice of these people's jobs and lifestyles, like when talking about the workers of the garment industry and how they are treated in the workforce. David may even change his tone to an earnest one when he felt sincere about these peoples living conditions and their everyday schedule, like when talking about the migrants and where they lived and how they got paid. As said before, other than these little tonal shifts that happened here and there for David Shipler his tone contains to mostly being formal.
Throughout the text, Shipler maintains an informal tone , yet with very factual evidence to follow up. Wether it be quotes, statistics, or an even that he(the author) went through, he states facts within stories and uses words such as “obviously” and “you” which maintains an informal tone
The author maintains a formal and even an informative tone throughout the book. He presents multiple facts and statistics to support his argument, and does so without aggressive language. There are some tonal shifts when he describes the hard lives of the working poor and wnat he found out about them during his interviews. Shipler might convey an emotional tone at times, such as displaying a little anger when he talks about businesses and corporations exploiting the working poor, but these are just subtle tonal shifts that occur here and there throughout his book.
Throughout the book Shipler sustains a formal tone but also sometimes turns to a more emotional tone so that they can get the message across and appeal to pathos.
The author keeps a steady tone throughout the book but when he addresses certain issues, like when talking about companies and businesses taking advantage of these people that are already in this bad situation, there seems to be some underlying anger.
Shipler maintains a formal, consistent tone throughout the book. There were very little tonal shifts, but at times Shipler would have an emotional tone relating to the parts where pathos are appealed to. For example,whenever a working poor's story was told and the advantage they were taken of, Shipler would have a slight tone of anger.
Throughout the book, Shipler maintains a very formal and consistent tone. When developing his argument, he uses many sophisticated sentences and phrases which created a very formal and intelligent-sounding tone. Overall, the tone shifts very little as the story progresses. At times Shipler does use a very passionate tone when discussing the stories of certain families and how they connect back to the tight grip of poverty, so to speak. For example, in chapter 2, Shipler explains how “America’s rapturous hymn to work will sound a sour note.” This is said in a very formal but also passionate tone in stating how those who continue to work hard won’t overcome the final barrier. Although the tone does change a few times to a passionate tone, it overall stays very formal and consistent.
The authors tone is extremely formal, though it does change on occasion to provide an insight to sincerity or anger. He uses an abundance of intellectual words and phrases which gives the text a intelligent tone.
Mrs. Theaker's students will be conducting discussions about The Working Poor by David K. Shipler here.