Ehrenreich makes an appeals to pathos through revealing the stories of some of her colleagues, telling the readers what low paying job employees go through.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by talking about one of her fellow employees, specifically George, who recently moved to the US. She talks about his difficulties with English, and how his lack of knowledge of the rules caused him to lose his job, without being able to defend himself. She talks about other situations where others lose their jobs as well due to certain mistakes.
Another instance is where she is onto one of her next jobs, she talks about her experiences as a cleaning lady. She talks about how some of them eat so little considering how much work they do. For example, she talks about how one of her employees eats only about a bag of chips for her lunch break or hotdogs for the other.
To appeal to pathos, Ehrenreich uses vivid language to describe her pain and frustration as a waitress and a housekeeper
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by retelling stories of her experiences and her coworkers story's. She tells about her pain that causes back spasms. She try's telling how things that people take for low tier things such as a trailer for a house is something to live up to.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by telling some of her coworkers personal struggles in life and her own. She appeals with how she talks about the experiment so far like her experiencing back pain, her struggle with money, and the unfair working conditions within her job.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by telling readers about her and her coworkers struggles to make ends meet in order to pull on readers heart strings and show that minimum wage employment is a very hard, emotional battle. She also talks about her working conditions and the pains she experiences to further enhance the appeal to pathos.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by explaining the life of her fellow employees that she works with at her job and some of the struggles that they have been through to try and survive. Especially with one of the employee trying to take some supplies from the closet that she works at simply because they were hungry. And was trying to survive on such a limited about of money coming to them at the moment.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by simply sharing her journey. Reading about the hardships and the sacrifices low-wage Americans have to make to survive was heart-breaking but eye-opening. Sharing the stories and encounters she had with her co-workers especially inflicted these feelings. One of the most saddest examples is about her co-worker at The Maids, Holly, who injured her ankle but insisted on continuing her work because her husband would beat her for missing work. Rhetorical questions also helped to appeal to pathos. For example, when discussing her difficult "Saurday shift" at the nursing home she asked, "If you hump away at menial jobs 360-plus days a year, does some kind of repetitive injury of the spirit set in?" I felt frustrated for her and other minimum wage workers because much of their hard work is unappreciated and looked down on.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by reflecting on the hardships that her fellow coworkers go through on a day to day basis. She also uses a few of her own struggles, but these are not as prominent as it is obvious that Ehrenreich went back to her previous, middle class lifestyle after the fact, so it is hard to feel sympathy for her.
In order to make an impactful appeal to pathos, Ehrenreich vividly describes the constant struggles of the lower-class citizens and tells heartbreaking stories of a life that many people cannot even begin to imagine.
Ehrenreich appeals to the emotions of the reader by telling of the hardships and struggle that some of her co-workers go through just to obtain basic necessities. It makes the readers feel sympathetic and sad that this is a reality that people who live on minimum wage go through. She also explains her own pain while working like back pains and the unfair working conditions that she and her coworkers go through.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by, describing her frustrations with certain jobs like the housekeeping job and the waitressing job She also appeals to pathos by telling the stories of her coworkers who have it worse than she does where they have do despicable things like stealing food from the job just to have a consecutive meal.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by explaining in detail some of the stories of her coworkers and how they struggle day by day check by check making sacrifices only to survive.
Part 2: Ehrenreich appeals to pathos specifically with her encounters with Holly. She was very sympathetic toward Holly when she found out she was pregnant. She ensured she ate and even volunteered to take over her job in order to show her empathy. She even gives Holly an ultimatum that if Holly doesn't rest then she won't work which showed how much she cared for Holly's health.
Ehrenreich describes the hard work and suffering that people living a low wage life have to go through everyday. She explains how workers of unappealing jobs, including "janitors, cleaning ladies, ditchdiggers, changers of adult diapers," suffer from "chronic deprivation".
Another instance where Ehrenreich appeals to pathos is on pages 43 and 44 when she introduces us to the life that Carlie has to live every single day. She explains how Carlie is in pain and how she had to bring hot dog rolls for lunch. Ehrenreich was wanting the readers to see into a life that we would usually never try to understand.
Ehrenreich appeals to ethos by telling her coworkers and friends stories. She tells of those who struggled and still struggle through many hardships. For example, Ehrenreich’s young coworker who had been impregnated by her boyfriend, who later left her, and was forced to live out of her car for a short while.
Barbara Ehrenreich appeals to Pathos utilizes pathos as a way to show how difficult it is to get by in this country with minimum wage. She mostly uses her own experiences as she has with all the stresses of bills, housing, balancing two jobs and making two ends meet. In turn if affects the reader making them feel pity for those who are in that exact position.
Ehrenreich appeals to ethos by explaining her hardships throughout the book. It doesn't rally make the audience very sympathetic for her due to her bad attitude, but when she starts to explain the struggles of her co-workers, it helps to emphasize emotion.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by to show her frustration over her housing shown in page 158.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos with her experiences with her co workers and their struggles.These appeals make the readers feel bad for the workers and opens the eyes of many for what minimum wage workers really face every day. She also includes her struggles which appeals to pathos in the same way.
Ehrenreich writes about her personal experiences, making us feel for the people who have to live like this in these deplorable conditions.
Although the not as prevalent as ethos and logos, the pathos appeal shows up in this piece to make the reader almost feel sorry for the people who live a minimum wage life regularly.
Example: The story of George, a minimum wage worker who had complications at work due to his poor understanding of English and rules.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by telling the stories of what her co-workers have experienced and had to deal with. She also explains how people have to live and what their mindset becomes like.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by including her own experiences as well as the experiences of her coworkers. She expresses the frustration, anger, and pain that they all go through everyday because of their limitations and disadvantages. For example, George, one of Ehrenreich's coworkers, could not speak English. When he was accused of stealing, he could not defend himself; he didn't even understand what was happening. Ehrenreich expresses her regret because she did not do anything to help him at the time, which makes the reader feel annoyed and frustrated at her. She discusses other experiences where people have disrespected her coworkers like Callie to the point where "her face [was] so twisted with hurt". These experiences show how the workers are not treated very well and were not respected at all, making the reader feel sympathetic and frustrated about the situations. Ehrenreich incorporates stories about her own experiences as well as her coworkers' struggles to express pain, frustration, and anger.
Ehrenreich further appeals to pathos by describing her experiences at her shifts at Walmart to express her extreme frustration with customers on page 165. She bluntly states that she went through "a Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde transformation", allowing the reader to easily picture her extreme mood swings. She further expresses her annoyance with one of her coworkers and says, "What does she think this is, the National Academy of Sciences?" (pg 167). This really makes it easy for the reader to feel her annoyance through her extremely sarcastic tone.
The author appeals to pathos by using examples and experience. She shares her own struggles working minimum wage, but also uses actual stories about her coworkers to invoke feelings of sympathy in the audience (for example, she talks about her coworker George, who was treated poorly and struggled immensely because of his poor English).
Ehrenreich uses a lot of emotions in her writing when describing she and some of her coworkers experience. This makes her audience more interested because it invokes the feelings of sympathy. She also talks about the physical pains she goes through which makes her audience feel bad for her conditions and her coworkers. There are several examples of appealing to the readers emotions such as the story of George, and Holly, and a plethora of coworkers she has gotten the chance to encounter during her experiment.
In order to appeal to pathos, Ehrenreich talks about her struggles in housing and how she does not eat enough food during the day. She also talks about the abysmal healthcare situation and the lack of proper health plans at her jobs. She uses the real life experiences of her coworkers to both appeal to pathos and ethos. She wants her audience to empathize with her situation and understand what poverty is really like from a first hand account.
Ehrenreich further appeals to pathos by giving more examples of the foul treatment she receives from the customers and her poor living conditions. On page 151 to 152, she talks about the nasty motel she stayed at and how the door didn't have a bolt and the smell of mouse droppings and mold in her room. She talks about how the customers are annoyed by the Walmart workers doing their jobs and how they are often rude and demanding.
Ehrenreich appeals to the emotions in Nickle and Dimed. She starts by describing the life she has as a minimum wage worker in great details. From the shelter she lives in to the type of back-breaking work she does, Ehrenreich attempts to invoke emotion in her reader. The author also uses the stories of her co-workers to appeal to emotions. Joan, a woman she worked with in Florida, lived in a van behind a shopping complex and Claude, a Haitian cook, lives in a two room with three other people.
Ehrenreich appeals to pathos by sharing some of the stories of her coworkers and sharing her frustration with living on minimum wage.
Mrs. Theaker's students will be discussing Barbara Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed here.