I really like how the author uses a lot of anecdotes about real people and their struggle. He gives very in-depth descriptions of each person’s daily lives and what they do for fun, recreation, etc. Including quotes from each person definitely helps with the credibility. Shipler especially does this in the second chapter.
I think the whole book appeals to credibility (so far). Shipler tells story after story of real people living off the minimum wage, complete with direct quotes which take the book to the next level. I think a non-fiction book needs that kind of stuff to keep a reader interested; it needs something to connect it to the reader's reality and that's exactly what the many stories do.
The author's use of testimony from experiences if people living in overty adds, to the credibility of his argument.
The biggest way ethos is established is by using the personal accounts from people in poverty. This provides an ethos appeal by letting these people talk about their own personal experiences, none of which are the same. This also lessens the possibility of Shipler to skew the book, as he, unlike his interviewees, is (presumably) financially stable, and therefore, makes the book more believable, as well as gives it a sense of humanity.
The author builds credibility by doing interviews with people that actually suffer from just barely surviving on or near the poverty line.
After chapter one which mainly appeals to logos, the author mainly appeals to ethos in the following chapters. His use of anecdotes throughout the book prove that the problems discussed are indeed real. The personal encounters with businesses and their employees allow for the reader to have an inside look on certain situations. These anecdotes are heavily relied on within chapter three.
The author's main appeal to ethos is the use of anecdotes to describe real people of the working poor. Primarily in chapter two, Shipler describes the specifics of how they became the "working poor". He also names specific companies/industries to help understand the prevalence of wellfare- work in certain cohorts. This makes him seem more credible by showing that he is knowledgeable of the subject.
The author uses accounts of many real life families as extra fuel in the fire to open the readers eyes about the reality of this poverty problem. When the author uses statistics readers can't really grasp the issue as well as if they were to read an account about the daily living of a family in poverty.
Shipler appeals to ethos throughout the book. The anecdotes he uses provide credibility to his argument, because they are stories of real people living in poverty. Also, he mentions major corporations as well.
The use of ethos makes the facts discussed or stated throughout the book 'come to life.' It makes one realize that these things happen to everyday people and that we get so accustomed to things in our own lives that we often forget or discard what happens in our country. As said by many the anecdotes provide that extra push needed to further his overall argument. The quotes and personal encounters of people working on or below the poverty line brings the reader in rather than a book full of just facts and statistics.
Ethos can be seen throughout the book, instead of chapter on which mainly uses logos. Shipler uses real stories from real people; their experiences, their quotes, their money, their jobs, their families, their statistics, their lifestyles. Not only does David appeal to ethos through the stories but also through the agencies that he writes about, from the IRS to the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration to FLOC.
Aside from the credibility established through the people's stories, Shipler further creates that trust with his reader's by not being afraid to name and call out known businesses for how they take advantage of the working poor. A few that he mentioned are H&R Block, Walmart, and UPS. Not many Authors are brave enough to call out big businesses like that and the fact that Shipler did, makes me respect him that much more.
The author appeals to ethos throughout the text by explaining the stories of real people who are part of the working poor and the struggles they face on their every day lives. All these testimonies make the reader realize than a lot more people than we usually thing suffer and have to go through these struggles every day. It also allows readers to realize the hardships these people go through and hopefully they start appreciating these working poor people more because they have an important role in the economy even if our society doesn't acknowledge that yet.
As I've mentioned previously in some of my other responses, Shipler's heavy usage of ancedotes and the lives of real individuals greatly aided in both my personal understanding of the book, and the general delivering of Shipler's argument.
The author uses the quotes and stories from the individuals throughout the book as well as big corporation/businesses to appeal to ethos.
Much like how Shipler appeals to pathos he uses interviews and stories of people actually living in these unfortunate situations to add credibility to his arguement and show that there are actually people living like that.
Shipler has this credibility has he interviews real life people and name real companies, like UPS and CISCO. Involving real life people and companies let the reader know that what Shipler talks about is real and those are the examples that it happens.
Shipler appeals to ethos by having quotes from discussions and interviews he has had with the people who are experiencing modern day poverty in the U.S., which is what he is writing about. He also uses the names of the people he speaks to for credibility and names of large companies like CISCO, HR Block and UPS.
Throughout the book, Shipler uses many quotes and anecdotes to appeal to ethos. For example, on page 210, Shipler uses Dr. Glenn Flores from the Boston Medical Center when discussing the Latino perspective on the medical field. This is appealing to ethos in that it shows credible sources that Shipler has used in his book to give different perspectives on the poverty issue. The author also uses many other people and companies, that furthermore increase the appeal to ethos used by Shipler.
This author practically made this book through ethos, it is stacked high with quotes and testimonials. The author constantly backs his points with other views through these quotes.
Mrs. Theaker's students will be conducting discussions about The Working Poor by David K. Shipler here.